by, Paul Collin
LOS ANGELES – March 17, 2018 – My first encounter surrounding the arena of U.S. government military Strategic Materials came during a time in my life soon after I lost my wife, two ( 2 ) children, 2 dogs, 2 businesses ( a computer secuurity consultancy and an art gallery ) and our home after nearly 35-years of work by 2001.
What took me years to learn, about how Rare Earth Elements ( REE ) of strategic metals are used in everything high-tech we use today, plus how ridiculous national security appears some times to many people, you’ll learn the secret importance of in my report.
In 1998, my ‘hobby’ was constructing my first website consisting of information, photos and my news analysis on advanced military and aerospace defense operation projects.
By September 11, 2001, attacks on U.S. soil began so, I began adding more types of information and photos to my website dissecting domestic and foreign security issues.
By May 14, 2002, I received an ‘e-mail’ ( tap on my shoulder, so-to-speak ) suggesting I begin looking in-to “Financial Intelligence” ( FININT ) matters associated with 9/11 and other associated terrorist and sudative financing worldwide so, I began adding information, photos and analysis to my website that even The New York Times hadn’t quite caught-up to with me.
By the middle of June 2002, I was communicating with a myriad of the ‘good guys’ plus the ‘bad guys’ of whom one ( 1 ) was quite remarkable.
A fairly high profile guy, at least The Wall Street Journal thought after a U.S. Attorney for the federal court system leaked to the maimstream news media that he was an “economic threat to U.S. National Security.”
Initial itemization of allegations levelled against him suggested multiple counts of criminal money-laundering and international bank fraud so, I was interested in what this ‘bad guy’ wanted to reveal to me.
The bad-guy’s proposal riveted me.
This guy was a U.S. citizen living in the luxurious residential compound of former President Idi Amin whose hideway was secretly located in Luzira, Uganda where his bodyguard stood watch; a man who worked for SARACEN SECURITY, a British headquartered private-sector workplace for former members of the British Special Air Services ( SAS ) and various other intelligence operators whom established a ‘branch office’ in Kampala, Uganda.
This bad-guy wanted to tell me a ”story’, too long for me to write-about here so, I made him a deal.
His long story told me ‘how he became identified as being made to appear as “the bad guy,” and lucky for ‘him’ I had a lot of free time on my hands. Americans were still recovering from ‘economic shock’ subsequent to 9/11 attacks and, nationwide, people were ‘still living in the wake of fear’. They were unusually, but quite simply, ‘not spending their money in the U.S. marketplace’. And, I wholeheartedly believed this for the simple fact that my home-office cottage industry computer business had only seen six ( 6 ) customers since 9/11 so, ‘yes’, I was ‘all ears’ for this bad-guy’s long story; in-between my business-calls – of course.
He told me things, which I researched, and then he told me more.
My so-called “deal” with the bad-guy, was: “If whatever you tell me turns-out to be ‘false’, I will ‘bury you online’ far worse than The Wall Street Journal could.”
He took my challenge.
Our conversations spanned international business companies, global investments, private, commercial and central banking, precious metals, mining and commodity markets, the subject of international legacy high-value asset instruments involving precious metals deposits, and more that I learned going down that precarious enterprising rabbit-hole.
I learned what a ‘deed of assignment’ involved and I learned how banks carried such paper assets on their ledgers and ‘off-ledger’ assets too.
There came a point when I learned that “due diligence” is what I was doing in research and contacting well-trusted and extremely knowledgeable professionals so, I would – just as a bank would – “know your customer,” which in my case was the ‘bad-guy’ telling and showing all to me.
I heard about this bad-guy having received ‘deeds of assignment’ to ‘gold reserves’ located in Baja California, Mexico where a group of Knights of Malta ( OSJ ) businessman were involved with “tribal chiefs” for their people’s land underwhich secretly held such gold reserves that the U.S. government identified using special aerial and space long-range deep-penetrating radar-mapping technologies ‘I was aware-of’ but ‘not the bad guy’. The OSJ businessmen were intertwined with U.S. military retirees whom held consultancy businesses ( in the Washington, D.C. Metro Area ), were tied in with off-shoot Howard Hughes business personalties and so much more that what I was researching, even the government took years to read and absorb. The truth be told, even the U.S. government wanted ‘my 2/3rds of documentary evidence’ that matched their 1/3rd of evidence; their’s, however, only consisting of about 1,500,000 pages – whereas my documents topped 3,000,000 pages by the time October 1, 2007 concluded.
I learned so much after 4-years that people around the world came to me for guidance so, I established my own private miniature global intelligence network.
Folks whom ‘knew’ what I was doing suggested I write a series of books, but label them ‘fiction’ as no-one would believe that one ( 1 ) man covered so much in 4-years.
I still haven’t written any books, although from the number of pages carried within my online reports, altogether they would almost be a small encyclopedia series of novels.
Back to the bad-guy who did not want to go to a U.S. federal prison for 1,250 years, which is what his federal charges tallied in the end with his federal indictment.
After 4,000 + e-mails and telephone conversations, I was sent to Portland, Oregon where I flew to Eastern Europe on November 12, 2002 for a period of nearly 4-years.
While I was overseas, during my second year, I wrote the following report on strategic defense material metals.
It is something new to most people, and if you read carefully, you’ll begin to understand why the United States of America military defense industrial complex is behind many seemingly ( to most outsiders, at-least ) stupid arrangements with America’s adversaries when it comes to strategic material metals, especially those known as “Rare Earth Element” ( REE ) materials mined, processed, manufactured, and then shipped Into America for satellites, stealth aircraft, drones, space rockets, missiles, computers, high technology devices for network systems integration, our smartphones, laptop computers, plus a whole lot more.
I hope you see the knowledgeability value of my report ( above and below ) for yourself, friends, colleagues and / or associates, plus provided are supportive references for any further research.
Thank you for reading “About The Author” ( ‘me’ ), seen near the very bottom of this report, and I ‘do’ appreciate your personal support / comments.
You may always drop me an e-mail direct and / or, click on my PayPal donation link ( further below ):
COURTESY: Kentron Intellect Research
SOURCE: TOTSE.Com ( now-defunct website, ‘Temple Of The Screaming Electron’ )
For Want of a Nuclear Nail
by Paul Collin, Staff Writer for The UnCommoner ( website )
SERBIA, Smederevska Palanka – March 3, 2004 – The importance of today’s strategic, critical and precious metals may be described in an old homily that goes something like this:
“FOR WANT OF A NAIL
For want of a nail, the shoe was lost,
For want of the shoe, the horse was lost,
For want of the horse, the rider was lost,
For want of the rider, the battle was lost,
For want of the battle, the kingdom was lost,
And all, for the want of a nail.”
– Author Unknown
It would be easy today to modernize this homily by adding the word mineral, metal, aircraft, satellite, warfighter, investor, ‘nuclear’ or, even high-energy into the text ‘above’ and perhaps now because of what is to be discovered from the text ‘below’.
The U.S. BUREAU OF INDUSTRY AND SECURITY, U.S. National Security Assessment Report reads (in part), as follows:
In view of the importance of beryllium to the defense industrial base, the collapse of the Soviet Union and the potential for increased exports to raise hard currency, and sharp declines in the demand for metallic beryllium, OIRA accepted the Navy request, but expanded the scope of the study to include:
1) Other key beryllium products ( i.e., beryllium alloys and beryllium oxide ); 2) a review of economic and trade factors; and, 3) how recent global developments may affect the viability of the U.S. beryllium sector.
The importance of beryllium lies in its unique properties. These properties include:
1) Lightweight; 2) dimensional stability over a wide range of temperatures; 3) the ability to reflect neutrons and ‘transmit x-rays’ [it hides from x-rays!]; 4) the ability to greatly strengthen copper; 5) the ability to absorb and distribute heat; and, 6) resistance to deformity.
While the material is expensive, these properties enable beryllium to play a central role in our national defense, and have contributed greatly to advances in electronics, optics and telecommunications.
Beryllium is offered on the market in three (3) major forms:
1) Metallic beryllium; 2) beryllium alloys; and, 3) beryllium oxide.
In 1992, metallic beryllium constituted about 15% of the dollar value of the world market, although in prior years when defense spending was higher, it was over 20%. Beryllium alloys (mostly of beryllium copper), were about 75% of the market, up from prior years, while beryllium oxide comprised most of the remaining 10%.”
In the official U.S. Government report it states that it “is by far the world’s largest producer of beryllium”, however according to the BRUSH-WELLMAN company it isn’t. BRUSH-WELLMAN received secret approval from the U.S. government to transfer its high-tech copper beryllium processing technologies to the ULBA METALLURIGICAL WORKS beryllium production facility in Kazakhstan in-exchange for beryllium copper master alloy exports back to the U.S. for use in tactical and strategic nuclear and high-energy weapon productions.
“…, processor and consumer of beryllium related products. In the 11-years from 1981-1991, U.S. production of beryllium ore accounted for over 64% of world production. During the same 11-years, U.S. demand for beryllium related products totaled over 71% of the world total, and over 83% of the processing of primary beryllium products took place in the United States.
Production of beryllium ore in the United States declined each year since 1986, falling from 237 metric tons that year, to only 174 in 1991, down 27%, as demand fell. This resulted in a draw down of industry stock levels, which reached a peak of 255 metric tons in 1983, and then fell steadily to 112 metric tons by the close of 1991. The 5-year average demand, 1988-1992, was more than 28% lower than the preceding five-year period, 1983-1987. The downtrend followed declines in defense aerospace, electrical equipment, nuclear applications, and slumping sales in electronics markets, particularly mainframe computers.
BRUSH-WELLMAN INC. (Cleveland, Ohio) is the only fully integrated producer of metallic beryllium, beryllium alloys, and beryllium oxide powder in the Western world.
Between 1981-1992, BRUSH-WELLMAN averaged $256.5-million in total sales revenues, and $206.2-million (80.5%) in beryllium related product sales. The firm has mining and upgrading facilities in Utah, and primary processing facilities in Elmore, Ohio.
NGK (Japan) produces beryllium alloys from ‘imported beryl upgraded’ under a ‘toll-agreement’ with BRUSH-WELLMAN in Utah. Through the primary product stage of the beryllium production cycle, OIRA estimates Brush has 85% of the market in the United States, and about 70% in the world. BRUSH-WELLMAN is also a significant factor in beryllium product fabrication markets.
U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY CONCERNS
From a national security perspective, beryllium is a strategic material used in our most sophisticated U.S. weapon systems.
Beryllium is used by the military to control reactors on nuclear powered submarines and surface vessels, as a triggering device for nuclear warheads, in precision optical components, inertial guidance systems, and satellite structures, and in air, land and sea borne electronic equipment.
Beryllium has no realistic substitutes in its strategic nuclear applications, making it a ‘critical’ material.
In dollar terms, between 20-25% of beryllium consumption is used for military applications, down from about 35% in the mid-1980s.
Defense buys over 90% of the metallic beryllium, about 10% of the beryllium alloys, and 20-30% of the beryllium oxide.
Since Fiscal Year (FY) 1985, the total military procurement budget (in 1993 U.S. dollars) fell from $127.2-billion, to only $54.1-billion in FY1993, a dramatic drop exceeding 57%. The major decline jeopardizes the continued viability of the metallic beryllium sector, which (in early 1993) reported operating below 30% of production capacity.
BERYL ORE – BERYLLIOSIS HEALTH HAZARDS
The long-term health of the beryllium sector has not been investigated. The major concerns facing the beryllium industrial business sectors are as follows:
1) Rising environmental control costs;
2) declining defense procurement expenditures (particularly affects metallic beryllium);
3) potential surge in supply of metallic beryllium on the world market at low prices by Russia; and,
4) the possible sale of ‘metallic beryllium’ and ‘beryllium copper’ master alloy inventories from the U.S. National Defense Stockpile.
Environmental costs continue to rise faster than revenues, and at the margin continue to constrain the market potential of beryllium, at both the manufacturing point and among potential customers.
The chief health concern associated with the handling of beryllium is chronic beryllium disease, also known as berylliosis.
Berylliosis is a disabling lung disease caused by inhaling beryllium dust; handling finished beryllium products does not lead to berylliosis.
A percentage of people exposed to beryllium dust will get this disease; it has been shown that chronic berylliosis has an immunological basis.
Progress has only been made in ‘reducing the occurrence of berylliosis’, but not eliminating it since the disease was first recognized. Compliance with OSHA and EPA regulations is a costly endeavor, and has a major impact on BRUSH-WELLMAN and some other beryllium product fabricators.
STRATEGIC GLOBAL ECONOMICS
The potential for a surge in supply of beryllium on the world market from Kazakhstan has increased.
This scenario could quite possibly become reality, as in the case of uranium, aluminum and copper from Russia into Western markets, which led to a rapid decline in prices of these commodities and pushed a number of European and American producers into bankruptcy.
Metallic beryllium scrap is ‘too expensive’ to mix with ‘beryllium copper’ or ‘beryllium oxide scrap’; it is also made in several grades, which have different cost structures.
Metallic beryllium will range from about 95% beryllium to almost 100%, depending on its application. The ‘purest and most expensive grade’ is used for U.S. ‘strategic weapons’.
BERYL ORE BASICS
“Bertrandite” is the principal beryllium mineral mined in the U.S., and “beryl” is the principal mineral produced in the rest of the world.
Beryllium (Be), silver in color and one of the lightest of all metals, has one of the highest melting points (about 1,280 E C) of all light metals. It has physical and chemical properties, such as its stiffness, high resistance to corrosion from acids, and high thermal conductivity, that make it useful for various applications in its alloy, oxide, and metallic forms. Only two beryllium minerals, beryl and bertrandite, are of commercial importance; bertrandite contains less than 1% Be, and beryl contains about 4% Be.
In 1999, U.S. production of beryllium ore and total ore consumption for the production of beryllium alloys, beryllium metal, and beryllium oxide decreased from those of 1998.The Defense National Stockpile Center (DNSC), U.S. Department of Defense (DOD), offered and sold selected beryllium materials from the National Defense Stockpile (NDS). The Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), which expired on June 30, 1999, was renewed on December 17, 1999 (retroactive to July 1, 1999), and extended to September 30,2001. Beryllium price quotations remained unchanged. Overall U.S. exports and imports of beryllium in 1999 were down significantly from those in 1998.
Both “beryl” and “bertrandite” prices may be monitored, at the following website URL: minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/metals_prices
Beryllium is mined and extracted from minerals in Utah by BRUSH-WELLMAN (a “Western” issue). The ore concentrate is shipped to their primary metals production plant in Ohio (now it becomes an “Eastern” issue). BRUSH-WELLMAN does secondary fabrication of its beryllium products in plants in Arizona, Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island. They have distribution centers in California, Illinois, Michigan, and New Jersey (really a “Domestic” issue). BRUSH-WELLMAN also have global distribution centers serving over 5,000 customers worldwide for beryllium products.
When beryl ore, a source of beryllium, was found in the Topaz Mountains of Utah, BRUSH-WELLMAN established BERYLLIUM RESOURCES that bought rights to explore and later mine in the Utah area.
S K WELLMAN CORPORATION, a manufacturer of metallic friction material used in brakes and clutches for heavy-duty military vehicles, mining vehicles, aircraft, and off-road equipment, had part of its business name absorbed by BRUSH-WELLMAN, INC.
BRUSH-WELLMAN was co-founded as BRUSH LABORATORIES by Charles Brush Jr. and Charles Baldwin Sawyer in 1921 with the financial assistance of Charles F. Brush Sr. By 1926, Charles Brush Jr. was developing industrial uses for beryllium, and in 1931 BRUSH LABORATORIES became known as the BRUSH BERYLLIUM COMPANY that was originally founded by Charles Baldwin Sawyer. It was the Brush Beryllium Company that contributed to the development of atomic energy for the United States used during World War II and continued thereafter.
The company’s sales of beryllium metal, alloys, oxides and ceramics steadily increased through 1955, then quadrupled by 1960 due to its involvement in the space program.
BRUSH BERYLLIUM CO. product, the perfect ‘Space Age’ metal, was used to form the “heat-shield’ for NASA re-entry vehicle Project Mercury manned space flights. Though its aerospace program slowed, Brush Beryllium Co. still prospered because of an increasing demand for its materials in both defense and commercial aircraft and electronics.
BRUSH ENGINEERED MATERIALS, INC.
Hugh D. Hanes ( FASM ) was the “government affairs consultant” to both BRUSH-WELLMAN and the METALS AFFORDABILITY INITIATIVE ( MAI ) CONSORTIUM, and a retired executive with extensive experience in technology, manufacturing, sales and marketing, media communications, and government relations. Hanes’ 45-year career was focused on specialty materials development and manufacturing, including beryllium, titanium, super alloys, and nuclear materials.
Prior to retirement, Hugh Hanes served BRUSH-WELLMAN as Vice-President of Government and Environmental Affairs, and Vice-President and General Manager of the Beryllium/Mining Division responsible for the operation of the mining, extraction, and metallic beryllium manufacturing operations of the corporation.
Prior to coming onboard BRUSH-WELLMAN, Hanes was employed by BATTELLE LABORATORIES ( Columbus, Ohio ) where he developed and managed Projects for ‘advanced materials’ and ‘specialty manufacturing’ for aerospace, defense, nuclear, and commercial applications.
Hugh Hanes served as a member of the Government-Industry Advisory Committee on the Operation and Modernization of the National Defense Stockpile ( NDS ) during the mid-1990s and was also Chairman of the Minerals Availability Committee of the American Mining Congress. Hanes served as a Director of the National Mining Association ( NMA ) and continued as an active member of the NMA Government Affairs Committee.
Haned was named a Fellow of ASM International in 1993 “for the successful development and commercialization of ‘hot isostatic pressing technology’ for ‘net-shape fabrication of particulate materials’, including applications in beryllium manufacturing.”
HANES REPORT TO U.S. GOVERNMENT
“In his testimony to Congress ( 2003 ), Deputy Secretary Paul Wolfowitz stated, ‘The Department of Defense is undergoing a substantial transformation of the Armed Services … by pursuing a host of transformations including precision, surveillance, networked communications, robotics and information processing.’ That beryllium is critical to four ( 4 ) out of six ( 6 ) of the Secretary’s goals can be demonstrated by examples of both current and developmental systems utilizing beryllium because of its unique properties.
· HOMELAND SECURITY – ‘U.S. forces must protect critical bases of operations and defeat weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery.’ Beryllium is a key structural element in both the PAC-3 system and those interceptor systems under development.
· DENY ENEMIES SANCTUARY – ‘Space denial capabilities, such as ground-based lasers … require the development and acquisition of robust capabilities to conduct persistent surveillance of vast geographic areas and long-range precision strike.’ Beryllium is used in long-range surveillance systems, guidance, and is in development as seekers in new missile and ground-based laser systems.
· PROJECTING AND SUSTAINING FORCES – ‘Increasing U.S. advantages in stealth, standoff, hypersonic and unmanned systems for power projection; and developing ground forces that are lighter, more lethal, more versatile, more survivable, more sustainable, and rapidly deployable.’ Beryllium is used extensively in reconnaissance satellites, FLIRs (Forward Looking Infrared Radar), improving stand-off ranges for virtually every new generation targeting device, and battlefield surveillance, including the tank commander’s sight on the M1A2 Abram tanks.
· ENHANCING SPACE CAPABILITIES – ‘become more dependent on space systems for communications, situational awareness, positioning, navigation, and timing.’ Applications of beryllium include instruments and critical structures in reconnaissance and surveillance satellites, defense weather satellites such as NPOESS, and the new generation of military communications satellites.
Wolfowitz goes on to describe systems under development, and in all cases, beryllium plays an enabling role:
· Joint Direct Attack Munitions ( JDAM ) and other precision guided munitions
· F-22 stealthy military defense aircraft
· Development of missiles defenses, including the Airborne Laser program
· Enhanced electro-optical capability for Global Hawk and other UCAV upgrades
· Precision weapon weapons that are precise in time, space, and in their effects
· Missile defense – pursuing parallel technologies to meet the same objectives; for example, the kinetic kill boost vehicle and a space-based laser (beryllium is critical to both concepts)
Thus, beryllium processing is clearly demonstrating the linkage between mineral resources in the western U.S. and metals manufacturing in the domestic industrial base.
PRECIOUS METALS CRITICAL FUNCTIONS – Civilian Infrastructure
Opponents of hardrock mining often portray ‘precious metals’ as ‘unnecessary metals’, but they perform ‘critically’ enabling functions in the civilian infrastructure. Between 25-55% of these so-called ‘noble metals’ mined and produced domestically are used in critical, high-reliability electronic applications because of their combination of oxidation resistance, electrical and thermal conductivity, and their resistance to corrosive environments.
These high-reliability requirements dictate the selection of precious metals for many applications in a wide variety of industries, including the electrical, electronics, automotive, telecommunications, semiconductor, computer and medical industries.
Because of their high intrinsic cost, ‘precious metals’ are often ‘plated’ or ‘laminated’ onto ‘base metals’ to give added strength [properties] and to lower the cost of the component.
Although ‘gold’ remains the industry standard in many of these applications, gold and gold alloys as a cover over ‘palladium’ and ‘palladium-silver alloys’ are often used.
One of the major uses of high-reliability components containing precious metals can be found in automotive electronics. Under-hood interconnects for computerized ignition systems, mass air flow sensors, automatic transmissions, cruise control devices, anti-lock braking systems, and new generation suspension control systems all are made more reliable by employing precious metal containing components. Society benefits extensively from the use of these electronic components because of the increased safety, increased fleet mileage, and decreased emissions of the modern automobile.”
Beryllium metal is used principally in aerospace and defense applications. Its high level of stiffness, lightweight, and dimensional stability within a wide temperature range make it useful in satellite and space vehicle structures, inertial guidance systems, military aircraft brakes, and space optical system components.
It won’t take a rocket scientist to figure new uses for beryllium. If a weapon was crafted out of ‘beryllium’ it might just get past airport security ‘X-ray’ detection systems because, beryllium is ‘transparent to X-rays’ and does ‘not’ refract X-rays, but allows them to pass through. That’s why it’s used in X-ray windows. Beryllium in nuclear reactors, serves as a canning material.
According to BRUSH-WELLMAN, the U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY ( USGS ) Minerals Yearbook ( 1999 ), Bureau of Export Administration ( 1999 ), National Defense Stockpile Market ‘Impact Committee’, U.S. International Trade Commission ( ITC ) “Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the U.S.” ( 1999 ), U.S. Department of Energy ( 1999 ) “Chronic Beryllium Disease Prevention Program”, and miscellaneous intelligence sources …
Beryllium is also used as a ‘neutron moderator’, and in nuclear control rods, and has been used as a ‘nuclear warhead-triggering device’.
Other applications for metallic beryllium include high-speed computer components, audio components, and mirrors. In the U.S. space shuttles, several structural parts and brake components use beryllium.
Canada, Germany, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Sweden are the major sources for U.S. beryllium imports ( contained beryllium ), and accounting for more than 80% of the U.S. total used.
KAZAKHSTAN BERYL CONNECTION
In early 1999, the Government of Kazakhstan was reviewing the terms of a 1995 agreement between the country’s ULBA METALURIGICAL WORKS, a major beryllium producer, and Sweden’s SCANBURG AG, under which SCANBURG would provide a $52-million line of credit and ULBA would put up 270 tons of beryllium as collateral. Within 5-years, the credit was to be repaid and the beryllium returned to Kazakhstan. The Kazakhstan Government, however, deemed the deal to be uneconomical in 1997. SCANBURG AG released some of the credit and about 26 tons of beryllium was shipped to Sweden. ULBA treated the shipped beryllium as sold, not collateral, but the Kazakhstan Government did not sanction the sale and gave SCANBURG until April 1, 1999 to return the beryllium ( Interfax International, Ltd., 1999 ). KAZATOMPROM, Kazakhstan’s national nuclear industry concern, owns 90% of the common stock in ULBA. In an agreement signed in June 1999, KAZATOMPROM planned to ‘swap’ 34% of its stock shares of ULBA with members of TVEL, a Russian nuclear fuel concern in-exchange for stock shares in a Russian metallurgical plant during the first quarter 2000 (Interfax International, Ltd., 1999b, e).
In May 1999, it was reported that ULBA was acting to preserve its beryllium production capacity. Annual profits of $9.4-million could be generated if ULBA could sustain beryllium production at about 200 tons/yr and perhaps if the company could sell a similar amount from its beryllium stockpiles.
ULBA was also setting up a ‘Carbothermy’ Division to obtain beryllium-alloying additives and to restore its chemicals and metallurgy complex. A new method had been developed for processing about 800 tons of semi-finished toxic materials stockpiled at ULBA, containing about 149 tons of beryllium.
In June 1999, ULBA beryllium production was reported to consist of beryllium-alloying agents containing up to 10% beryllium. Production of ‘beryllium bronze’, an alloy containing less than 2% beryllium, was planned for the year ( Interfax International, Ltd., 1999 )
BRUSH BERYLLIUM CONNECTION
BRUSH INTERNATIONAL – BRUSH-WELLMAN, INC., a member of the BRUSH ENGINEERED MATERIALS INC. group, entered into a long-term agreement with ULBA METALLURGICAL WORKS plant, UST KAMENGORSK, NAC KAZATOMPROM ( Kazakhstan’s national nuclear industry concern ), ALMATY and RWE NUKEM, INC. ( Danbury, Connecticut ) to get additional export supplies of ‘beryllium copper’ master alloy produced by ULBA METALLURGICAL WORKS plant in Kazakhstan to the United States. In-exchange, ‘BRUSH-WELLMAN provided the high technology and a furnace’ for the production of the products, which will be manufactured by ULBA METALLURGICAL WORKS plant was financed and marketed by RWE NUKEM, INC. ( Danbury, Connecticut ).
BRUSH-WELLMAN will then use the Kazakhstan beryllium copper master alloy products in the ‘manufacture of finished highly sophisticated U.S. defense technology products’ at its America based facilities.
In this project, and in future initiatives, BRUSH-WELLMAN continues to collaborate with ULBA and RWE NUKEM to develop additional greater value products, which the ULBA METALLURGICAL WORKS plant will go on to supply to BRUSH-WELLMAN for global distribution.
U.S. SECURITY and METALS TRANSMUTATION RECYCLING
The value of the U.S. Geological Survey ( USGS ) Mineral Resource Program Mineral Information Team is that ‘it is he only comprehensive source of statistical data on Mining and Mineral Commodities both domestically and internationally’ and is critical to the mining industry and to the nation as a whole.
As a net ‘importer’ of minerals, including many strategic minerals, the United States’ ability to develop and implement a global mineral-related strategy could be severely compromised without the availability of reports produced by this program.
In addition, the analytical expertise of the program’s mineral commodity and country specialists is vital to answering mineral related questions of a domestic and an international nature.
A loss or reduction in expertise for tracking world ‘hot spots’ with respect to strategic and critical materials could negatively impact U.S. intelligence and national security.
As a global superpower, the U.S. seeks to continue collaborating in complex manipulations of worldwide commodity markets for its own strategic and critical materials for its own defense and economic outlook.
Another transmutation has taken place at the U.S. National Security Agency ( NSA ), which possesses the world’s largest secure recycling production plant facilities where it reclaims precious metals while disintegrating equipment that may contain any record pertaining to U.S. national secrets having been stored within computers, electronic devices and other high technology systems.
One of two ( 2 ) top-level managers at this NSA recycling facility claims it possesses a new form of recycling that actually transforms ( “transmutates” ) metals into greater quantities.
This new form of ‘metal transmutation technology’ is supposed to enhance the quantity of recovered precious metals from various forms of scrapped electronic equipment and go on to produce greater quantities of gold, silver, platinum, palladium, however no public mention was ever made about whether it could re-constitute other metals into ‘copper beryllium’ master alloys for high-tech defense programs.
Cordially submitted for review and commentary by,
ABOUT THE AUTHOR – Paul Collin, on assignment in Eastern Europe, is a Western European foreign national acting as an “information asset” for the U.S. Department of Justice “Squad Six,” a ‘flying squad’ solely directed by one ( 1 ) C.I.A. Deputy Chief ( in Washington, D.C. ). ‘Squad Six’ domestic operations is located in the basement region of the federal building ( downtown, Portland, Oregon ). Squad Six responsibility, amongst other things, entails ‘foreign extractions of U.S. persons of interest’. Amongst several foreign case operations, Squad Six was also responsible for the successful retrieval of former Panama President Manuel Noriega to America.
U.S. government foreign intelligence operations began full-time for Mr. Collin in 1971. After successful completion of a myriad of other intelligence operations as a freelance information asset, Collin worked in private-sector high technology. In 2002, amongst other things, Collin performed several HUMINT and SIGINT missions out-of Eastern Europe, concluding successful in 2007 an operation involving the now-late Gilbert Allen Ziegler ( later known as ) Van Arthur Brink; a U.S. person of interest ( in Luzira, Uganda ) who held a “deed of assignment’ for an enormous ‘gold mine reserve’ ( in Montana ) controlled by ‘Robert Wellman’ ( in Utah ) whom Mr. Collin was in contact with. The aforementioned report was based upon related domestic and foreign activities during the course and scope of my work from 2002 – 2006.
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